The project background is an important part of every proposal. It can be very similar to the project rationale or the project justification. It shows your donor that you did your homework and that your project is planned well. But where can you get the information and data for your project background? And how does one actually look like? Here you have an example project background for Kenya that you can use as a blueprint. You can copy it and adjust it for your own purposes.
If you are planning or working in Kenya then you are welcome to use this blueprint of a project background of Kenya. Be sure to add more specific information about your own project though, and add other relevant data according to the region and place.
Project Background of Kenya
The Republic of Kenya is situated on the East African coast on the equator. It is bordered by Ethiopia and Sudan to the north, the Indian Ocean and Somalia to the east, the United Republic of Tanzania to the south, and Uganda and Lake Victoria to the west. Kenya gained its independence on December 12, 1963, from the British Empire after 7 decades of struggle. Kenya’s economy is as one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The average economic growth remains 5.45% per year from 2004 until 2018.
The Great Rift valley bisects the Kenyan highlands with all the fertile lands, rocks, flat arid lands, steep cliffs, and slopes. The population in Kenya is 47,615,739 where the number of population in rural and urban areas is 73% and 27% respectively. The fertility rate of the nation is 2.98 births per woman. The ratio of child mortality is 37.1 per 1000 live births; the ratio of maternal mortality is 510 deaths per 100,000 live births. About 11 % of children under 5 years are suffering from malnutrition.
The annual growth of Kenya is 4.4 percent annually in 2017/2018. Poverty has become a major challenge for the smooth development of the nation. About 36.1% of the population is still living below the poverty line. The literacy rate is 78% with 11 years of schooling on average. The life expectancy is only 64.3 years. The GDP of Kenya counted as $163.5 billion where Agriculture only contributes 35.3% of GDP and Industry contributes 17.2%. Services contribute 47.9% to the GDP.
According to Transparency International Organisation, Kenya remains one of the most corrupt countries ranking 143 among 180 countries in the entire world. According to UNDP Human Development Reports, Kenya ranks 135th with high gender inequality.
Diarrheal and HIV/AIDS & TB diseases have become a severe problem in Kenya. According to the World Health Organization reports, Kenya stands 5th position in the number of death of people due to the diarrheal disease where the deaths in Kenya reached 33,224 in a year. The UNAIDS reports 5.4% of adults are suffering from HIV/AIDS and 1.6 million people aged 15 to 64 live with HIV in Kenya.
If you are looking for more information then there are other sources that you could use like the OECD, World Bank or the UN. Unless otherwise indicated, the data was retrieved from the CIA World Factbook.
Source: CIA World Factbook (unless otherwise indicated)
Source: CIA The factbook (unless otherwise indicated)
- Population: 47,615,739
- Density: 87.324 sq./km (World Bank)
- Area (Rural/ Urban): 73% / 27%
- Under poverty line: 36.1%
- Literacy rate: 78%
- Average years of schooling: 11 years
- Average years of schooling male vs. female: 11/11
- Average life expectancy: 64.3 yrs.
- Child mortality: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality: 510 deaths/100,000 live births
- Stunting/Malnourishment in children: 11%
- Fertility rate: 2.98 children born/woman
- Most important sectors: Agriculture
- GDP: $163.5 billion
- Unemployment rate: 11.50% (Kenya economy-2017)
- Rank Gender Equality Index: 0.565 (UNDP)
- Child marriage: 25% (20-25 yrs. old) (UN data)
- Human Development Index: 0.555 (UNDP)
- Corruption Rank: 143 (Transparency)
- Ease of doing business: 106 (Doing Business)