The project background is an important part of every proposal. It can be very similar to the project rationale or the project justification. It shows your donor that you did your homework and that your project is planned well. But where can you get the information and data for your project background? And how does one actually look like? Here you have an example project background for Nigeria that you can use as a blueprint. You can copy it and adjust it for your own purposes.
If you are planning or working in Nigeria then you are welcome to use this blueprint of a project background of Nigeria. Be sure to add more specific information about your own project though and add other relevant data according to the region and place.
Project Background of Nigeria
Nigeria is located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean’s Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and its economy is also one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Nevertheless, the country still is facing huge challenges. In 1900, the country was colonized by the British government. Nigeria gained independence and proclaimed itself as a federal republic and drafted a new constitution in 1963. Finally, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa with 190,632,261 people as the total population and a population density of 204.211 per square km.
Around half of the population (50,6%) are living in rural areas. The fertility rate of the nation is 5.07 births per woman.
The ratio of child mortality is 69.8 per 1000 live births. Similarly, the ratio of maternal mortality is 814 per 100,000 live births. About 70% of the population is still living below the poverty line. The level of literacy rate is 59.6% with 9 years of schooling on average. The life expectancy is only 53.8 years.
The annual growth of Nigeria is only 3.88 percent annually from 1982 until 2018. Poverty has become a major challenge for the smooth development of the nation. The GDP of Nigeria is counted as $1.118 trillion where Agriculture only contributes 21.6% of GDP and Industry contributes 18.3% and similarly, services contribute 60.1% to the GDP. About 19.4% of children under 5 years are suffering from malnutrition.
According to Transparency International Organisation, Nigeria remains one of the most corrupt countries ranking 148 among 180 countries in the entire world. In the UNDP Human Development Reports, Nigeria ranks 152th, with high gender inequality.
The World Health Organization reports that more than 3.17% of adults are suffering from HIV/AIDS which is a severe situation. About 3.5 million people are living with the disease and about 175,000 deaths were recorded within the same year.
If you are looking for more information then there are other sources that you could use are the OECD, World Bank or the UN. Unless otherwise indicated, the data was retrieved from the CIA World Factbook.
Source: CIA World Factbook (unless otherwise indicated)
- Population: 190,632,261
- Density: 204.211 per sq.km. (2016) (World Bank)
- Area (Rural/ Urban) – 50.6% Vs. 49.4%
- Under poverty line: 70%
- Literacy rate- 59.6%
- Average years of schooling- 9 years
- Average years of schooling male vs. female- 9/8
- Average life expectancy- 53.8 years
- Child mortality – 69.8 deaths/1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality- 814 deaths/100,000 live births
- Stunting/Malnourishment in children- 19.4%
- Fertility rate – 5.07 children born/woman
- Most important sectors- Agriculture, Oil, and Mining
- GDP – $1.118 trillion
- Unemployment rate- 13.4%
- % of the forested area- 9.5 %(CIA World Factbook)
- Number of National Parks-8 National parks – National Parks
- Human Development Index– 0.527
- Corruption Rank– 148/180
- Ease of Doing Business– 145 among 190 countries