Like we explained in our article, the project background is an important part of your proposal where you explain the reasoning behind your proposal. To make a strong case for your proposal, it is necessary to back up your project background with reliable data and information. This way, you show your donor that you did your homework and that your project is planned well. You also show that all the assumptions you make about your projects impact and success are based on real facts.
But where can you get the information and data for your project background? And how does one actually look like? Here you have an example project background for Nepal that you can use as a blueprint. You can copy it and adjust it for your own purposes. Just make sure though that you really change it according to your specific situation and your project. Include relevant information for your case and leave out irrelevant pieces.
Project Background Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia that shares borders with China in the north and India in the south, east and west. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Even though the first thing most people think about when hearing the word Nepal are the mountains, the country actually has three main areas: the lowlands, the mid-hills, and the high mountains. It stretches over 147,181 square km. Especially in the mid-hills and the high mountains, the terrain can be a major difficulty, as there are few roads and the infrastructure can be bad.
According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of Nepal was estimated to be 29,384,297 in 2017. The population density is 192 people per square km. This is comparable to the population density state of Delaware or Switzerland. 19.4% of the population lives in urban areas while 80.6% still live in rural areas. 25.2% live underneath the poverty line. 36,1% of the population is illiterate.
69% of Nepalese work in the agricultural sector, mainly in subsistence farming. This sector only contributes 27% to the GDP. 12% work in the industry and 19% in services.
According to the Asian Development Bank, the fertility rate of Nepal is 2.2 births per woman. The prevalence of stunting of children under 5 years of age due to malnutrition is 37.4%. The maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births is 258 and the proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel is 55.6%.
Child marriage is still a prevalent problem in Nepal. The Central Bureau of Statistics states that the percentage of women age 20-49 years who were first married or in union before the age of 18 is 48.5%. Nepal ranks 115 in the Gender Inequality Index of the United Nations Development Programme.
In April 2015 there was a devastating earthquake in Nepal from which the country is still recovering.
This is an example that you can use in case if it is fitting for your project. The sources of information have plenty of more reliable data that you could use to adjust this sample to your needs. Other sources that you could use are the OECD, the World Bank or the UN.
Be aware that though that this is not the full project background. For your own proposal, you have to add information more specific to your project and area. You also have to relate this information back to your own project. Not everything might be fitting for your project.