The project background is an important part of every proposal. It can be very similar to the project rationale or the project justification. It shows your donor that you did your homework and that your project is planned well. But where can you get the information and data for your project background? And how does one actually look like?
Here you have an example project background for Indonesia. If you are planning or working in Indonesia then you are welcome to use this blueprint. Be sure to add more specific information about your own project though, and add other relevant data according to the region and place.
Project Background of Indonesia
The archipelagic state of Indonesia is bordered by Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Timor-Leste. It is, moreover, surrounded by Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Australia. Its history is quite tumultuous, as it has seen much unrest since its independence from the Netherlands after the Second World War. Indeed, the last active armed forces are still being dealt with.
With a population of about 260,580,739, it is one of the most populous democratic states in the world. The spread of people living in rural and urban areas is quite equal, with a respective 44.8% and 55.2%.
The country’s literacy rate is 95.4% and enjoys an even distribution of schooling years between the male and female population. The male literacy rate is 97.17%, for females is 93.59%.
Indonesia still ranks on the lower end on gender equality, with a score of 0.453, and child marriage rates being at 24%.
Albeit that poverty is one of the more important issues dealt with by the Indonesian government, only 10.9% of its population lives under the poverty line. Its child and maternal mortality rates, however, remain quite high, as they respectively place Indonesia 71st and 67th out of 225 and 184 measured countries. Moreover, life expectancy in Indonesia is quite average at 73.00 years old.
As one of Asia’s fastest-growing economies, its $3.243 trillion GPA puts it in the global top 10 richest countries. However, corruption remains a factor to take into account. Indeed, it affects the way wealth reaches the population adequately, as Transparency International gives Indonesia a relatively low score of 37.
If you are looking for more information then there are other sources that you could use like the OECD, World Bank or the UN. Unless otherwise indicated, the data was retrieved from the CIA World Factbook.
Source: CIA The World Factbook (unless otherwise indicated)
- Population: 260,580,739
- Density: 145.725 per sq./km (The World Bank)
- Area (Rural/ Urban) – 44.8% /55.2%
- Under poverty line: 10.9%
- Literacy rate – 95.4%
- Average years of schooling- 13 years
- Average years of schooling male vs. female- 13 vs. 13
- Average life expectancy- 73 years
- Child mortality – 22.7 deaths/1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality- 126 deaths/100,000 live births
- Stunting/Malnourishment in children- 19.9%
- Fertility rate – 2.11 children born/woman
- Most important sectors- Agriculture, Tourism
- GDP – $3.243 trillion
- Unemployment rate- 5.4%
- Rank Gender Equality Index – 0.453 (http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/GII)
- Child marriage- 24% (20-24) 2002 (UN data )
- Human Development Index- 0.689 (http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/IDN )
- Corruption Rank- 96/180 (https://www.transparency.org/country/IDN)
- Ease of doing business- 66.47 (http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/indonesia)